Sustainable Management of Dhanushadham Protected Forest

Dhanushadham Protected Forest is One and only forest situated in Terai region of Dhanusha district. Having 360 hectare forest land surrounded by four VDCs, 1. Dhanushadham, 2. Dhanusha Govindpur, 3. Yagyabhumi, and 4. Umaprempur.

Bark of around 75% trees has been removed by the heavy population of the surrounding villages; no tree is secure in the forest. People are depending on the forest resources for firewood, timber products and for grazing of their cattle, buffaloes and goats, in addition poaching of wildlife made the forest into a pathetic condition where no wildlife have been noted in survey conducted by Mithila Wildlife Trust. Forest has lost its equilibrium of biodiversity in last 7-10 years. Which made to think Mithila Wildlife Trust and Nepal Forest Department to convert this diminishing forest into a Bio-Unit for the conservation and development of that area which can fame the nation through the attraction of foreigners to our country.

Development of the Dhanushadham Protected Forest as Biological Unit will act as an “Environmental Knowledge Bank”. In addition to tourist, students and communities from all around the district and nation will be attracted to the park for environmental education purpose.

Dhanusha Dham is one of the popular historical pilgrimages of the world, where Hindu pilgrims come during many festivals especially in Makar Festival in February month and so on. It locates 15KM far from Janakpur Dham which supports a lot to attract pilgrims as well as various tourists in the country. Its name and fame is also mentioned in Ramayan (The holy book of Hindu religion). More than 10 Lakh pilgrims (surveyed by MWT) visit Janakpur Dham per year. People come to Janakpur Dham and visit one and only Janaki Temple. Lack of tourist spots make the pilgrims to quit the city within hours though they want to spend more time in the birth place of Goddess Sita. Development of Dhanushadham Protection Forest as Biological Unit will attract international tourists in addition to natives which will automatically develop the area giving job opportunities for localites in and around the Biological Unit.

This project is an effort to raise the prevalent awareness among the society towards natural resources and wildlife conservation by providing them a sustainable livelihood options and sensitization of various stakeholders to participate in the process of upgrading the status of natural environment in Dhanusha district there by upgrading tourist spot of the nation, which can directly increase the economic wealth of Nepal.

Sustainable Development Programmes

Sustainable Development Programmes

As more than 84 percent population of the district still depends on the agriculture for their livelihood, it is need of time to commercialize agriculture for the sustainable development of communities in entire district. To reduce poverty level in the rural areas, MWT focuses on Sustainable Agriculture Programmes in and around the district.

Lacking irrigation facilities, agriculture is still depending on inadequate and unreliable rainfall. Most of the water resources are dried up including rivers in the district, so, we encourage water conservation.

People are using harmful fertilizer, pesticides and poisons in their agriculture which is creating serious health issues in the district.

We encourage agro biodiversity. Agro-forestry would curb out food insecurity of which would also form the bases for income generation activities.

24 Hours Wildlife Rescue and Rehabilitation Programmes

24 Hours Wildlife Rescue and Rehabilitation Programmes


To reduce Human and Wildlife conflict and to protect the wildlife, wildlife rescue and rehabilitation programmes is operated 24×7 in and around Dhanusha district. It supports to conserve different species of avian and reptiles in the district.

Around 1,250 Snake Bite cases are recorded in Zonal Hospital, Janakpur every year. Most of the cases recorded are non-venomous snake bite cases.

Increased awareness level and easy identification of the snakes is the main aim of our Wildlife rescue and rehabilitation programmes.

Lacking identification is the main reason that people are killing wild animals within 5 minutes thinking all the snakes found around there home are venomous/poisonous.

It is also supporting us to protect the rare species of reptiles found in Nepal.

Environmental and Wildlife Awareness Programmes

We believe on “No Conservation without Education”. We strongly believe that, it is lacking awareness that people are diminishing national and private forest day by day. The depletion
of the National and Private forests such as the Dhanusha Forest, among others in the country, has resulted to the unfavorable climatic changes with far reaching consequences, including;

  • Unreliable and inadequate rainfall for agriculture.
  • Unreliable practice: overgrazing, use of harmful pesticides and poisons for agriculture.
  • Depletion of palatable plant species.
  • Poverty due to loss of livelihoods.
  • Food insecurity in the country.
  • Extension of high yielding crop varieties.
  • Water resource drying up, including rivers.
  • Land resources degradation due to erosion.
  • Encroachment of forest land.
  • Encroachment of wetland habitats.
  • Lack of indigenous/ local land-race and their wild relatives.
  • Depletion in the number of wildlife in their habitat.

The situation is likely to worsen in the absence of deliberate efforts to preserve the existing forest and improve the forest cover in the country.

Thus we conduct environmental and wildlife awareness programmes in the VDCs, Schools and Colleges. We focus to create a sentiment towards nature and wildlife during our awareness programmes.

One can contact us to organize such awareness program in his/her school, colleges, communities or VDCs.

Wildlife Awareness Camp in a Government Secondary School

Environment and Wildlife Awareness Camp in Shri Ma.Vi., Mithileshwar Mauwahi

MWT conducted a Wildlife Awareness Camp in Mithileshwar  Mauwahi Secondary School, Dhanusha, Nepal.

Both students and teachers of the school were present in the awareness camp.

We shared the myths and truths about snakes in our society. We told them about the requirement of snakes for balance ecosystem of our earth. They were very much exited because this was the first time they heard that we should save snakes.

Principal of the school “Mr. Lakshmeshwar Mandal” suggested to conduct such awareness camp at night as the Projector was not useful in the day time” and we conducted same campaign at night as well.