Sustainable Management of Dhanushadham Protected Forest

Dhanushadham Protected Forest is One and only forest situated in Terai region of Dhanusha district. Having 360 hectare forest land surrounded by four VDCs, 1. Dhanushadham, 2. Dhanusha Govindpur, 3. Yagyabhumi, and 4. Umaprempur.

Bark of around 75% trees has been removed by the heavy population of the surrounding villages; no tree is secure in the forest. People are depending on the forest resources for firewood, timber products and for grazing of their cattle, buffaloes and goats, in addition poaching of wildlife made the forest into a pathetic condition where no wildlife have been noted in survey conducted by Mithila Wildlife Trust. Forest has lost its equilibrium of biodiversity in last 7-10 years. Which made to think Mithila Wildlife Trust and Nepal Forest Department to convert this diminishing forest into a Bio-Unit for the conservation and development of that area which can fame the nation through the attraction of foreigners to our country.

Development of the Dhanushadham Protected Forest as Biological Unit will act as an “Environmental Knowledge Bank”. In addition to tourist, students and communities from all around the district and nation will be attracted to the park for environmental education purpose.

Dhanusha Dham is one of the popular historical pilgrimages of the world, where Hindu pilgrims come during many festivals especially in Makar Festival in February month and so on. It locates 15KM far from Janakpur Dham which supports a lot to attract pilgrims as well as various tourists in the country. Its name and fame is also mentioned in Ramayan (The holy book of Hindu religion). More than 10 Lakh pilgrims (surveyed by MWT) visit Janakpur Dham per year. People come to Janakpur Dham and visit one and only Janaki Temple. Lack of tourist spots make the pilgrims to quit the city within hours though they want to spend more time in the birth place of Goddess Sita. Development of Dhanushadham Protection Forest as Biological Unit will attract international tourists in addition to natives which will automatically develop the area giving job opportunities for localites in and around the Biological Unit.

This project is an effort to raise the prevalent awareness among the society towards natural resources and wildlife conservation by providing them a sustainable livelihood options and sensitization of various stakeholders to participate in the process of upgrading the status of natural environment in Dhanusha district there by upgrading tourist spot of the nation, which can directly increase the economic wealth of Nepal.